Achira (Canna indica)
The name is derived from the Quechua word achira. The plant is a perennial one with flower color ranging from red to yellowish orange. The fruit is a capsule and the seeds need scarification to germinate. There are 30-60 species of achira in America and Asia; most of them produce fleshy starchy rhizomes with different degrees of success. Rhizomes of the edible achiras are fully expanded for harvesting 8-10 months after planting. Achira starch is an important income generator in several Andean rural communities. In Vietnam, about 30000 ha are grown to make prize noodles.