Genebanks conserve living plant samples of the world’s important crops and their wild relatives. They ensure that the genetic resources that underpin our food supply are both secure in the long term for future generations and available in the short term for use by farmers, plant breeders, and researchers. These collections are important to ensure that crop plants which may contain genes to resist disease, provide enhanced nutrition, or survive in changing or harsh environments do not become endangered or extinct over time. The genebank at the International Potato Center (CIP) in Lima, Peru maintains clonal and seed collections of potato, sweetpotato, and Andean roots and tubers (ARTC’s). The genebank is maintained as a global public good under the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA). CIP’s germplasm is available for requestors for research, education, and breeding purposes. This germplasm has been used in breeding programs in over 100 countries. CIP is the custodian of the world’s largest in vitro genebank. Further, it houses one of the world’s leading herbarium collections and cryopreservation program.
CIP Genebank current stats
CIP Genebank Management
The CIP genebank conserves around of 9K active accessions of potato among cultivated, improved, wild relatives and breeding lines.
Cryopreservation is an effective and efficient strategy for the long-term conservation of clonally propagated crops.
The CIP genebank conserves around of 7.5K active accessions of sweetpotato among cultivated, improved, wild relatives and breeding lines.
The CIP genebank is one of the largest in vitro genebanks in the world and contains the global collection of potato, sweetpotatoes and Andean root and tuber crops (ARTCs).
The CIP genebank conserves around of 2.5K active accessions of Andean Roots and Tubers crops (ARTCs) (achira, ahipa, arracacha, maca, mashua, mauka, oca, ulluco, and yacon).
CIP genebank also conserves a collection of potato and sweetpotato breeding lines and genetic stocks in collaboration with the Roots, Tubers and Bananas CRP (RTB).
Currently, 84% of the in vitro potato accessions and 85% sweetpotato accessions are certified as virus-free.