Germplasm Distribution

In vitro germplasm is available for distribution. It is used in breeding programs in over 100 countries.

CIP’s in vitro genebank is the first to obtain International Standards Organization (ISO) 17025 accreditation for safe and secure germplasm movement.

  • Viewing CIP Collections

    The Potato Catalog and Advanced Clones Catalog cover a subset of available varieties and clones. In addition to images, they provide information about adaptation, productivity, and resistance to late blight, viruses, and pests. Or you can view all accessionsin the CIP genebank.

  • Ordering Germplasm

    To order material online, use the CIP germplasm ordering system. If you’re a new user, see the how-to guide for steps.

  • Important Information

    Germplasm designated to the International Treat on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture may be classified as “PGRFA” or “PGRFA_under development,” depending on the type of germplasm and its use. This document explains the difference in classifications and how it affects distribution.

    Standard Material Transfer Agreement (SMTA)governs the transfer of materials between countries, institutes, or organizations. It defines the rights of the provider and the recipient with respect to the materials and any derivatives.

    Multi-crop Passport Descriptors (MCPD)provides international standards to exchange passport information of accessions preserved in ex-situ collections.

    Reglamento de Acceso a Recursos Genéticos(Regulation on the Access of Plant Genetic Resources), a 2009 decree by the Peruvian government, describes regulations for the distribution of Peruvian genetic resources not within Annex 1 of the International Treaty.

    Phytosanitary requirements by country provides information about countries that request additional phytosanitary clauses before germplasm is distributed.

    International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA-IT) is a comprehensive international agreement which aims at guaranteeing food security through the conservation, exchange, and sustainable use of the world’s plant genetic resources for food and agriculture, as well as the fair and equitable benefit sharing arising from its use.

    CIP follows the phytosanitary recommendations of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)established in 1952. The IPPC aims to protect cultivated and wild plants by preventing the introduction and spread of pests.

    CIP complies with the biosafety recommendations of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, an international treaty governing the movement from one country to another of living, modified organisms (LMO) resulting from modern biotechnology. It was adopted on January 29, 2000, as a supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity and entered into force on September 11, 2003.

    For CGIAR policy on intellectual property rights, visit theCentral Advisory Service (CAS) on Intellectual Property. CAS assists the CGIAR centers and their partners in management of intellectual assets as public goods.

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