More than two billion people in the world do not get enough essential vitamins and minerals in their daily diets. Those suffering from this invisible form of undernutrition are vulnerable to blindness, impaired physical and cognitive development, disease and even death. The impact of this lost potential is staggering; annual GDP losses from low weight, poor child growth and micronutrient deficiencies.
Prof. Charles Spillane, Director of the Ryan Institute at the National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway) highlighted that “vitamin A deficiency is one of the world’s major nutritional deficiencies, affecting 190 million children. Biofortification is a food-based approach to combat micronutrient malnutrition through plant breeding of staple crops so that they have higher levels of micronutrients (e.g., iron, zinc, beta-carotene)”. The Plant & AgriBiosciences Research Centre (PABC) within the Ryan Institute at NUI Galway works extensively on agricultural research for international development with the CGIAR—a global research partnership for a food-secure future.
Over the past four years, NUI Galway PhD student Marijke Hummel has been working on a project in the research group of Prof. Charles Spillane, working with collaborators in Malawi to improve the impact on nutrition of biofortified crops (e.g. high iron beans and high vitamin A sweetpotato). The NUI Galway research group has been working with international research partners from the HarvestPlus Programme, the International Potato Center (CIP), International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and Wageningen University (WUR).
Marijke Hummel indicated that “sweetpotato is one of world’s most important crops for food and nutrition security, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Most of the varieties of sweetpotato currently grown and consumed in Sub-Saharan Africa are white- or yellow-fleshed, and contain little beta-carotene. In recent years, breeding programs have developed improved biofortified orange-fleshed sweetpotato (OFSP) varieties that are a good source of beta-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A”.
The first OFSP variety Zondeni was locally available in farmers’ fields and officially recognized in Malawi in 2008, followed by an additional five varieties that were released in 2011 through a crop breeding program. The OFSP varieties have different visual characteristics and taste than the pre-existing varieties of sweetpotato used by farmers. By combining an integrated model of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and the Health Belief Model (HBM) the research team conducted research with over 300 households in Central and Southern Malawi, and demonstrated that both sensory and cultural attributes influence the acceptability of OFSP varieties and OFSP consumption by households of the rural poor in Malawi.
Dr. Daniel van Vugt, Country Manager at CIP Malawi stressed that “while CIP and partners have supported 222,000 households in Malawi with disease-free vines of OFSP, no in-depth research on the sensory and cultural acceptability had been conducted in the country before our collaboration with NUI Galway. This work is of huge significance to what we are trying to achieve. Understanding what consumers are looking for is essential to our breeding improvement and outreach work”.
Over the last five years, CIP and its partners have helped improve dietary quality and incomes with OFSP of approximately five million households in Africa and Asia, regions whose populations are significantly affected by micronutrient deficiencies. Over the next five years, CIP plans to reach a further 10 million households in Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean by accelerating the production and use of nutritious sweetpotato, starting with biofortified OFSP, a promising technology for reducing vitamin A deficiency among women and children under five years. In 2016, CIP scientists were awarded the World Food Prize in recognition for their work in this area.
The collaborative research led by NUI Galway with CIP has been published in the journal PLOS One. The findings of the research will improve the impact of biofortified crops in future food security programming and projects, by reducing Vitamin A deficiencies through the intake of these nutrient-rich crops.
Published paper citation & URL Link
Marijke Hummel, Elise F. Talsma, Ati Van der Honing, Arthur Chibwana Gama, Daniel Van Vugt, Inge D. Brouwer, Charles Spillane (2018). Sensory and cultural acceptability tradeoffs with nutritional content of biofortified orange-fleshed sweetpotato varieties among households with children in Malawi. PLOS One 13, no. 10 (2018): e0204754. [PDF]
Images for inclusion:
Figure 1: Rural women study participants from the traditional authority Katuli in Malawi, engaging in one of the fieldwork research exercises. Women were asked to group different types of foods that are part of their household diets (Photo: Marijke Hummel).
Download image from: https://www.dropbox.com/s/yfo4wua6yet1meq/Figure%201.JPG?dl=0
Figure 2: Women were asked to group foods that are part of their daily household diets. The information provided by the women was used to describe how they normally use orange fleshed sweet potato in their diets (Photo: Marijke Hummel).
Download image from: https://www.dropbox.com/s/i32qyraq0ebmv8z/Figure%202.png?dl=0
Figure 3: Figure 3: Some of the 300+ rural women participants in Malawi that took part in the NUI Galway-CIP research project, together with field researchers Marijke Hummel and Ati van der Honing (Photo: Marijke Hummel).
Download image from: https://www.dropbox.com/s/lugnn35vehc7n8h/Figure%203.JPG?dl=0
Note to Editors
The research was supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) under the Feed the Future Malawi Improved Seed Systems and Technologies project [grant number AID-BFS-G-11-00002]. Prof. Spillane’s research group acknowledge funding support for the CropBioFort project funded by the Irish Research Council’s New Foundations programme, and acknowledge support from Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) Grant No 13/IA/1820.
National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway)
The National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway) was established in the heart of Galway City, on the west coast of Ireland, in 1845. Since then it has advanced knowledge teaching and learning, through research and innovation, and community engagement.
Over 18,000 students study at NUI Galway, where 2,600 staff provide the very best in research-led education.
NUI Galway’s teaching and research is recognised through its performance in international rankings. The University is one of the few Irish Universities to have risen in the rankings in four of the last five years including the Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings and the QS World University Rankings.
With an extensive network of industry, community and academic collaborators around the world, NUI Galway researchers are tackling some of the most pressing issues of our times. Internationally renowned Research Institutes and Centers based here include CÚRAM Centre for Research in Medical Devices, Insight Centre for Data Analytics, Whitaker Institute for Innovation and Societal Change, Moore Institute, Institute for Life course and Society and The Ryan Institute for Environment, Marine and Energy.
*The University’s official title is National University of Ireland Galway. Please note that the only official abbreviation is NUI Galway.
NUI Galway Ryan Institute
The NUI Galway Ryan Institute is engaged in research and partnerships that contribute to the majority of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which need to be achieved both nationally and internationally between now and 2030. The Ryan Institute focuses on four thematic research areas, namely (1) Marine & Coastal, (2) Energy & Climate Change, (3) Agriculture & BioEconomy, and (4) Environment & Health. The Ryan Institute is comprised of 12 Research Centres/Clusters spanning these four thematic research areas. The Ryan Institute is NUI Galway’s largest research institute comprised of 90 Research Groups and 12 Research Centres/Clusters that are responsible for over 500 funded research projects comprising circa. 20% of the overall research income of NUI Galway. The Ryan Institute is a cross-cutting Research Institute of NUI Galway with research groups drawn from all Colleges across NUI Galway, with internationally-renowned expertise spanning science, engineering, socio-economics and health. See: www.ryaninstitute.ie
The CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food-secure future. CGIAR has an annual research portfolio of just over US$900 million with 11,000 staff working in more than 70 countries around the world. Its science is carried out by 15 Research Centers in close collaboration with hundreds of partners across the globe: www.cgiar.org
‘CGIAR’ was originally the acronym for the ‘Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research’. In 2008, CGIAR redefined itself as a global partnership. To reflect this transformation and yet retain its roots, ‘CGIAR’ was retained as a name. CGIAR is now a global research partnership for a food-secure future.
International Potato Center (CIP)
The International Potato Center is a research-for-development organization with a focus on potato, sweetpotato, and Andean roots and tubers. CIP is dedicated to delivering sustainable science-based solutions to the pressing world issues of hunger, poverty, gender equity, climate change and the preservation of our earth’s fragile biodiversity and natural resources. www.cipotato.org
CIP is a CGIAR Research Center. CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food-secure future. Its science is carried out by 15 Research Centers in close collaboration with hundreds of partners across the globe. www.cgiar.org
CIP’s work in Malawi is funded by Irish Aid, the Africa Development Bank, the European Union, the German Federal Enterprise for International Cooperation (GiZ), the UK Department for International Development and the United States Agency for International Development.
For more information contact:
Professor Charles Spillane, Director of Ryan Institute, NUI Galway at email@example.com
For Press contact:
Gwen O’Sullivan, Press & Information Executive, NUI Galway at firstname.lastname@example.org or 091 495695.
Vivian Atakos, Regional Communication Specialist, sub Saharan Africa, International Potato Center, email@example.com or +254 20 4223693