A recent paper published by scientists from the International Potato Center (CIP) shows how processes of scaling up of technologies to promote adoption can reinforce or reduce gender inequalities. This article is based on a gender analysis of sweetpotato seed systems conducted in Phalombe and Chikwawa districts in Malawi in 2013 and 2014. Technologies discussed in the paper include orange-fleshed sweetpotato varieties and sweetpotato vine multiplication systems. The paper looks at both research that is being done and how the resulting methods or models to improve agricultural practice are then scaled up for wide adoption beyond pilot villages.
Findings illustrate that scaling up strategies to promote technology adoption by women should go beyond the technology itself to restructuring both the technical and non-technical aspects of agriculture. This will ensure women can fully benefit from improved technologies. Thus there is need to understand the physical and institutional context in which the technology is implemented in order to develop scaling strategies that ensure men and women are able to adopt and benefit.
Key issues highlighted in the study are as follows:
- Technology scale-up may exclude women, or include them in positions subordinate to men
- Gender blind technology scale-up may worsen gender relations and constrain the ability of women to engage in positive and empowering ways
- Technology choice is influenced by the resources that men and women within households have access to and control
- Benefits from technology adoption may be skewed in favour of men while women’s labour increases
- Men and women’s needs should be integrated into technology development for technologies to be adopted and retained
Some topics pursued in the paper include how gendered institutions may discriminate women and prevent them from participating in technology development and scaling up processes. The paper investigates how the interaction of institutions, technologies, socio-economic rules, images, ideologies influences the ability of different people to adopt technologies.
Blog written by Netsayi Mudege (CIP Gender Research Coordinator) with contributions from Vivian Atakos (CIP-SSA Communication Specialist)